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Requirements for protection from fire
Requirements for protection from fire in residential buildings
Safety requirements for protecting against fire in the premises of care
Protective requirements from fire in facilities
Preventive Requirements to protect from fire in industrial buildings
Fire fighting systems and warning systems
Preventive requirements for the protection of fire in educational buildings
Preventive Requirements for the protection against fire in collective buildings
Protective requirements from fire in the warehouses and cars parking
General requirements for engineering services
Requirements for preventive against fire in commercial buildings and public markets
General requirements to the ways of escape (emergency exits)
الدفاع المدنى > English > Safety > Requirements for protection from fire > Requirements for protection from fire in residential buildings
Requirements for protection from fire in residential buildings

Requirements for protection from fire in residential buildings:

Index1

 The code

  Part VIII: requirements for protecting from fire in residential buildings.

8/1 

 The sections of the residential building according to the way of exploitation. 

 First:

 Safeguard conditions of the collective residential buildings.

 8/1/1

 Collective residential buildings.

 8/1/2

 The danger of fire.

 8/1/3

 Structural requirements

 8/1/4

 Mixed use

 8/1/5

 Control over the spread fire

 8/1/5/1

  Horizontal proliferation

 8/1/5/2

  Vertical spread

 8/1/5/3

 Outside stretch

8/1/5/4

 The arrival of the vehicles of the civil defense

8/1/6

 Ways to escape

8/1/6/2

 Ab sorptive Capacity

8/1/6/3

 Capacity

8/1/6/4

 Transition distance

8/1/6/5

 Direct distance

8/1/6/6

 Passages

8/1/6/7

 Exits

8/1/6/7/4

 Horizontal exits

8/1/6/8

 Stairs

8/1/6/9

 The final exit

8-1/7

 Fire equipment and extinguishers

8-1/8

 Engineering services

 

• Protective requirements for the preservation of fire in the residential buildings:

Continuation of the previous index.

 The code  Part VIII: requirements for protecting from fire in residential buildings.
 Second:  Safeguard conditions of the collective residential buildings.
 8/2/1  Private residential buildings.
 8/2/2  The danger of fire.
 8/2/3  Structural requirements
 8/2/4  Control over the spread fire
 8/2/4/1  Horizontal proliferation
 8/2/4/2  Vertical spread
 8/2/4/3  Outside stretch
 8/2/4/4  The arrival of the vehicles of the civil defense
 8-2/5  Ways to escape
 8-2/5/1  Exits
 8-2/5/2  Stairs
 8-2/5/3  The final exit
 8-2/6  Fire equipment and extinguishers
 8-2/7  Engineering services
8-2/8 Application
 

• Protective requirements against the fire in the residential buildings:

Index tables:

 Page  TableNo.  Table Name
   8-1  validity of the buildings through its construction to see if its available be residential buildings.
   8-2  Know the transitional distance and the direct distance between the residential buildings.
   8-3 a  Fire fighting equipments for the residential building category (a) the buildings composed of permanent houses for one family (apartments) according to the category, classification, and construction.
   8-3b  Fire fighting equipments for the residential building category (b) the buildings composed of rooms or dormitories for permanent individual or collective housing according to the rise, category, and construction.
   8-3 c  Fire fighting equipments for the residential building category (c) that consists of rooms for temporary accommodation such as hotels, furnished apartments, according to the category, rise, and construction.
   8-4 a  Engineering services special in safety of the residential buildings category (a). Buildings that consist of permanent apartments for one family according to the category, rise, and construction.
   8-4 b  Engineering services special in safety of the residential buildings category (b) buildings composed of rooms or dormitories for permanent individual or collective housing according to the rise, category, and construction.
 8-4 c Engineering services special in safety of the residential buildings category (c). That consists of rooms for temporary accommodation such as hotels, furnished apartments, according to the category, rise, and construction.

 • Protective requirements against fir in the residential buildings:  

 8-1  Residential buildings are divided according to the type of exploitation into types.
 
 8-1/1:  Collective residential buildings such as apartments, dormitories, and hotels.
 8-1/2:  Private residential buildings such as villas (private homes, special castles).

 

- First: protective conditions for the collective residential buildings: 

 8-1/1  Collective residential buildings are the buildings or their parts specified for close housing.

 8-1/1/1  The residential buildings are divided according to the exploitation type into three categories.
 8-1/1/1/1  Category (a) consisting of permanent housing for one family such as housing investment.
 8-1/1/1/2  Category (b) are the buildings that consist of rooms or dormitories for permanent individual or collective housing.
 8-1/1/1/3  Category (c) are the buildings hat consist of rooms for temporary accommodation with or without paying, such as hotels, motels, guest houses, and furnished apartments.

 8-1/2  The danger of fire: the seriousness of the fire is classified in the residential areas as light danger.

 8-1/3 Structural requirements                                                                                                               

8-1/3/1  The conditions of the first section must be applied to provide the safety in the installed structure from the fire danger.
 8-1/3/2  The validity of the buildings are set though the structure in order to be used in the residential uses based on the tables 1-2, classifying the buildings according to their resistance to fire, and tables 1-8 the validity of he buildings from its structural construction in order to be used in residential means.
 8-1/3/3  No housing is found in the basements, only in special cases that are approved by the civil defense, and it should have also an existing door, in addition to automatic sprinklers and any other equipment requested by the civil defense.
 
 8-1/4  Mix use                                                                                                                                          

8-1/4/1                      

 The different usages must not be only related to a high type of dangerous fire or any artificial purpose.
 8-1/4/2  May the mix use is a type of a less danger such as the trading shops, offices, an=d others, under one condition that they should have an independent way to escape, with an integrated preventative precautions for each part of the building.
 8-1/4/3  If the residential buildings were a part of other building use, they should be separated and each section should have its own way of escaping.
 8-1/4/4  We should separate between the parts that are classified for residential purposes, and those that aim to a different uses.
 8-1/4/5  The exiting doors specially for escaping  in the residential buildings must be independent from other parts, and must lead to the outside directly.

• The validity of the buildings from the structural composition
   In order to be used for residential purposes:

 Structural classification  Appropriate usage
 First and second type only  Category (a) such as the buildings that consist of permanent apartments for one family like the housing investment.
 First and second type only  Category (b) such as the buildings that consist of  permanent individual or collective housing such as the rooms or  dormitories, like the housing of the students, employees, workers, and soldiers.
 All types
The fifth kind for temporary usage and certain conditions
 Category (g) are the buildings that consist of temporary accommodation with or without payment such as hotels, motels, guests house, and furnished apartments.


 8-1/5  Control spread of the fire: the conditions of the first section must be applied in addition to these terms:
 8-1/5/1  Horizontal proliferation: the fire area should not exceed more than (3000 m2).
 8-1/5/1/1  The residential units must be separated from each other, and each one is considered to be an independent fire sector.
 8-1/5/1/2  The dangerous places and locations must be separated.
 8-1/5/1/3      There should be a barrier or door about to prevent fire from expanding if the passage was more than (30), and also at the points where the corridors meet.
 8-1/5/2  Vertical stretch: it is more preferred to separate the main openings from the other parts of the building through a wall resistible to fire for a period of time that is not less than one hour, and with doors that does resist the fire not less than 45 minutes.
 8-1/5/2/1  the atrium will be immune if the following conditions are available
 8-1/5/2/1/1  The dimensions of the vacuum must not be less than (6m).
 8-1/5/2/1/2  Provide an automatic network of water sprinkles, or a system to prevent the spreading of the fire and smoke vertically.
 8-1/5/2/1/3  Provide certified overhead ventilation.
 8-1/5/3  The out-spread: the buildings or the parts used for housing should be separated from each others through walls that can handle the resistance of fire for minimum one hour.
 8-1/5/3/1  When the residential buildings share other different kinds of buildings a wall resisting to fire, this wall must have the highest requirements of resisting.
 8-1/5/4  The arrival of the fire-fighters vehicles: the equipments and tools of the civil defense must reach the residential buildings easily.
 8-1/6  The general conditions of escape must be applied, (emergency exits).
 8-1/6/2  in addition to these orders the Absorptive capacity: it is specified  in the escape procedure  (emergency  exiting) as sown in the tables -4, as for the service places it will be specified according to its kind of use.
 8-1/6/3  Capacity:  the widths of the passages are measured according to the number of people that uses it as it is mentioned in the ways of escape category (emergency exit).
 8-1/6/4  Transition distance: the transition distance in order to reach the final exit or the safe stairs not more than what is mentioned in the tables 2-8.
 8-1/6/5  The direct distance from any point inside the bedrooms to the exit door or the safe stair must not be more than (15m), and not more than (10) in the basement.

• Fire fighting equipments and the alarm systems for the resident buildings:

Category (b), buildings that consist of permanent individual or collective housing such as rooms and dormitories according to the category, rise, and structural classification.

 Type  

 Required cases

 1

                 Manual fire extinguishers    

   1     Manual  extinguishers All floors 
 2               Fixed installations  
   1     A network of rubber hoses  All floors
   2              A net work of dry nozzles  It must be higher than four floors (ground + three floors) in a height not more than 28m, or as two floors with an area that exceeds 1,000 m2.
   3  A network of wet  nozzles  It must be higher than 28m or as an area of a floor that exceeds 1,000 m2.
   4  A network of outside nozzles  For compounds only.
 3      Automatic fixed systems  
   1  An automatic network of water sprinkles for fire fighting.  Basement, all the higher floors of the building, special compounds, escape means, established buildings of the third and fifth type, designated places as it is mentioned in the automatic systems for fire fighting.
   2  An automatic network of sprinkles for substances other than water.  Dangerous places where water can’t be used.
 4    The fire alarm equipments  
   1  Manual alarm network  In all the floors
   2  Automatic alarm network  In all the floors especially those that don’t have water sprinkles for fire, also in the corridors, dangerous places, air conditioning tubes, and basements.

Table 3-8 (b)

 Type  

 Required cases

 1

                 Manual fire extinguishers    

   1     Manual  extinguishers All floors 
 2               Fixed installations  
   1     A network of rubber hoses  All floors
   2              A net work of dry nozzles  It must be higher than four floors (ground + three floors) in a height not more than 28m, or as two floors with an area that exceeds 1,000 m2.
   3  A network of wet  nozzles  It must be higher than 28m or as an area of a floor that exceeds 1,000 m2.
   4  A network of outside nozzles  For compounds only.
 3      Automatic fixed systems  
   1  An automatic network of water sprinkles for fire fighting. Basement, all the floors especially the escape means, and places as it is mentioned in the automatic systems for fire fighting.
   2  An automatic network of sprinkles for substances other than water.  Dangerous places where water can’t be used.
 4    The fire alarm equipments  
   1  Manual alarm network  In all the floors
   2  Automatic alarm network  In all the floors especially in the corridors, also in special dangerous places, air conditioning tubes, and basements.

Table 3-8 (c)

• Engineering special services to protect against fire in the residential buildings

Category (a) the buildings that consist of permanent housing units for one family (apartments) according to the category, rise, and structural classification.

 type                  

 Requested conditions
                1    Ventilation system  According to the international standard adopted by the civil defense.
   2  Illuminated signs for extensions  Basements and escaping passages (emergency exits)
   3  Emergency lighting system  Basements and escaping passages (emergency exits)
   4  Reserve power source  High rise buildings, compounds, and buildings that should have a fire elevator.
   5  Fire elevator  If the rise of the building is more than six floors or twenty meters, what ever is less.
   6  Fire doors operate automatically  In accordance to the safety procedures in the engineering fields.